In the world of stock trading and investments, it’s very important that you have a clear understanding of financial instruments. The two essential elements of a demat account and a trading account are often confused as being the same.
Although they are not different, in the realm of the share market, they both have different functions. In this article, we will have a look at what exactly is the key difference between a demat account and a trading account, along with their purposes and importance.
What is a Demat Account?
A demat account, also known as a dematerialized account, is a digital repository where you can store and manage your financial securities in electronic form. It primarily focuses on equities, bonds, mutual funds, ETFs (exchange-traded funds), and other such financial instruments.
The key objective of a demat account is to eradicate the need to have physical certificates, making trading and investing in the stock market easier and more convenient.
Features of a Demat Account
Storage for Securities: A Demat account electronically stores your securities, ensuring their safety and security. This prevents the possibility of physical certificates being damaged, misplaced, or stolen.
Transfer of securities: It is simple to transfer securities from one Demat account to another, which simplifies the process of gifting or selling investments.
No Ownership Rights: Having a Demat account does not provide you the right to directly buy or sell securities; it is solely a storage facility.
No Trading: You cannot directly buy or sell stocks and securities from a Demat account. A trading account is required to perform trades.
What is a trading account?
A trading account, on the other hand, serves as your entry point for taking part in the stock market directly. It allows you to make trades, buy and sell securities, and hold positions in various financial instruments. Using your trading account, you can easily place orders to buy or sell stocks or securities.
Features of Trading Account
Trading Capabilities: A Trading grants you the ability to place orders (buy or sell) for the purpose of buying, selling, or even short selling your shares.
Ownership and Control: Unlike a demat account, a trading account provides you with ownership and control over your investments, allowing you to make decisions regarding buying and selling.
Margin Trading: You can use a trading account to trade on margin (borrowed funds), as long as you meet the requirements and risk management standards.
Profit and Loss: Your trading account will reflect all of the gains and losses that come from your trading operations. It is where you can monitor the performance of your investments.
Difference between Demat account and Trading account
|Demat Account||Trading Account|
|A Demat account stores your stocks and securities electronically and eliminates the need for physical certificates.||A Trading account helps you in the buying and selling of stocks and securities in the stock market|
|You can store securities like stocks, mutual funds, bonds, etc., in a demat account.||You can’t store securities in a trading account. It only enables you to buy and sell the securities.|
|A depository issues a Demat through a depository participant (DP)||A SEBI-registered stock broker provides a trading account.|
|Demat account does not grant trading rights; primarily, it’s a storing facility.||It gives you ownership and control over your investments, allowing you to make trading decisions.|
|It is not essential for trading activities but compliments the trading account.||It is crucial to execute trading orders; to trade actively, you must have a trading account.|
Steps to Open a Demat Account
Following are the steps to open a demat account:
- Contact your chosen Depository Participant (DP) to open a Demat account. The list can be seen on the Central Depository Services Ltd. and National Securities Depository Ltd. websites.
- Fill out the account opening form.
- Provide a proof of identity.
- E-sign the document.
- Submit the form, and your account will be created.
Steps to Open a Trading Account
Following are the steps to open a trading account:
- Choose a broker by analysing the service charges and facilities provided.
- Fill out the registration form.
- Provide KYC details (address, ID proof).
- Application verification process by a broker.
- E-sign the document.
- Submit your form.
To sum up, a demat account and a trading account have different but complementary functions. A trading account allows active participation in the stock market through the execution of buying and selling orders, the decision-making process for investments, and trading activity management.
The Demat account completely focuses on safeguarding and maintaining financial securities. When combined, they give investors the resources and framework they need to make it through the complicated financial markets and reach their investment goals.
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|Disclaimer: The sole purpose of our financial articles is to provide you with educational and informative content. The content in these articles does not intend any investment, financial, legal, tax, or any other advice. It should not be used as a substitute for professional advice or assistance.|